participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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The bibliographic and documentary surveys allowed investigating the possible origin and the inspiration to define the category as well as its reflection in reality, based on the analysis of the existing federal RVS creation goals. The current study is a call for reflection and it does not intend to exhaust the debates and implementations that are essential to understand the role played by the Wildlife Refuge Conservation Snucc category in Brazil.
Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control.
The first stage of the Brazilian National Conservation Unit System Plan proves that inspiration, since the plan states that the goal of the Wildlife Sanctuary or Refuge is to ensure the survival of species or populations of migratory or resident fauna, endemic and unique biotopes, with regional, national or global significance. According to two other managers, the concept of RVS is related to the protection of a specific resource and linked to relatively small areas. It also analyzes the answers given by the managers of the seven existing federal RVS.
It became the basis for developing the “Brazilian Conservation Unit System Plan”, which first stage was published inand the second one, in However, its differential – and source of dissension – lies on the possibility of co-existence between the private properties, which are allowed to make indirect use of natural resources, and the full protection of the covered environment.
The goal of protecting natural spaces as well as their attributes serves the current and future generations.
The environmental crisis may be interpreted as a reflection of the instrumental rationality limits. Although it is initially clear that the RVS may be composed of private properties, later in his text the author includes the RVS in the purely public domain CU group, in which expropriation is mandatory. The answers to the questions were sent back on May 22, The Third World Congress on National Parks was held in and it started the debate about a policy able to correlate regional, state and national development, local populations, natural resources and environment in the management of protected areas.
The current study is especially interested in the concept of substantive rationality, which emerges from Weber’s frank criticism to hegemonic rationalities.
A CALL FOR REFLECTION ON THE CATEGORY OF WILDLIFE REFUGE CONSERVATION UNIT
Wildlife Refuge; management of protected areas; rationality. It is worth highlighting that the ECO 92 Earth Summitin which such a report was presented, was snhc in However, it does not incur in land expropriation as long as the activities conducted within the property are in compliance with the goals of the protected area. It could be concluded that the difficulties generated by the category location in an intersection between full protection and sustainable use, combined with the lack of regulation, are expressed in many different levels of relationship with the RVS.
As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates. These practices invariably reduce the increasing gain expectations of the owners. Nunes, Costa and Lustosa contextualized the environmental concern according to the economic dimension, and they generalized the Full Protection CU group, including the RVS, as units where “the presence of permanent populations as well as of economic activities are prohibited” p.
According to these managers, activities compatible with the RVS goals should be set in the unit’s creation decree, based on studies that justify such compatibility in a full protection CU.
Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Executive Ordinance No. In a world of complex social and environmental societies, the ways of understanding the changes must evolve accordingly. These activities could exist in Sustainable Use CUs, but only in specific situations.
Salvador, ano VI, n. Their opinion is in accordance with the original inspiration mentioned in the current study. In addition, it is in a way linked to species, rather than to the overall environment, and it is also related to small areas. Some hypotheses can be raised to ssnuc this limitation: They seem contradictory, exclusive to each other.
On the other hand, the decrees that created the other RVS refer to the RVS concept found in the SNUC text, which concerns the protection of “natural environments that ensure the conditions for the existence or 9985 of species or communities” in a broader way.
One can infer certain “lack of knowledge” in these readings. This shift has important consequences, which we will discussed later.
However, although this standard is applicable to the RVS, the SNUC Law did not contemplate such incentive; thus, leei means more bureaucratic procedures for the owners whose lands are covered by a Refuge.
Federal RVS creation and management By analyzing the decrees that created the Federal Refuges, it was possible to see that only one of the seven existing refuges has some direct relation to the protection of fauna species among its goals. This link is consistent with the statements by the key-informant interviewed during the ldi of current research.
At first glance, the Wildlife Refuge can be considered as a hybrid category, i. The Geographical Journal, v. The national conservation unit system and the wildlife refuge category As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates.
Li analyzing the decrees that created the Federal Refuges, it was lel to see that only one of the seven existing refuges has some direct relation to the protection of fauna species among its goals. We appreciate the support given by different collaborators in several discussions and we thank the key-informant for his immediate and solicitous collaboration.
It is worth emphasizing that this concept did not exist at the time conservation units were snucc discussed and created; the term used at that time was protected areas. However, the system does not allow such a practice, i.
It is worth highlighting that the bill lri clear that the Executive Power could limit or prohibit activities in conflict with the RVS creation purposes; however, such an item was deleted in Feldmann’s clean bill sncu it did not appear in SNUC.
A questionnaire comprising 12 questions was sent by email to the key-informant. Dias and Pereira describe the change that occurred in the environmental and political perspectives regarding the development and management of Conservation Units since In other words, the focus shifted from species and communities to the environment.
This change in the RVS definition puts it away from its inspiration sources, as well as from the almost unanimous view that the category would have the primary function of protecting the fauna.
The Santa Cruz RVS also relates to the initial category concept, since its main purpose is to protect sea- ,ei riverbeds colonized by algae and by other benthic communities as well as to protect their associated fauna.
Finally, the opinions of the federal RVS managers about their view on the category and on some perceptible obstacles to the management of these conservation units were analyzed.
The current major difficulty lies on the fact that the RVS problem, as well as the CU management problem in general, is not just about concept, it is a political issue. Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. According to Medeirosthe Animal Protection Law creates CU categories such as National Biological Reserve only indirect use and Federal Hunting Park providing direct useand it also creates spaces called refuges and reserves, which are geared to animal preservation.
Efforts to diagnose the productive rationality of landowners inserted in RVS as well as to properly manage – through the expropriations provided by law – the lands where this rationality is not compatible with the CU may constitute the first steps towards the RVS effectiveness. On the other hand, Derani cited by Medeiros, Irving and Garaypoints out that the Full Protection Units should not be subjected to urbanization or to agriculture.
This variety of categories would also represent the environmental diversity presented by a mega-diverse country of continental proportions such as Brazil. Based on this survey, the study sought to identify the critical points in the SVR category concept within the SNUC preparation context.