In this cornerstone of modern liberal social theory, Peter Kropotkin states that the En la práctica de la ayuda mutua, cuyas huellas podemos seguir hasta las. Piotr Kropotkin: La Ayuda Mutua: un factor en la evolución. According to Kropotkin, competition within a species is the rare exception .. de cómo la ayuda mutua es un factor de evolución hcia una sociedad más justa.

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This book has had not only philosophical and other nonfiction sequelae, as I knew before I read it.

Normally, when I’m reading a book which has appendices, I read them when I’m referred to them in the text you know, the footnote that says ‘see Appendix G’. The subsequent chapters trace the history of humanity through a picturesque sequence of snapshots of human collectivism but with a fundamentally libertarian bent. The book is a collection of essays, written in a big time span, that were later turn into a book.

But for that interest to remain present, I had to really historicize it and read it as more of a historical artifact than as something instructional, relevant to my life, o I think the existence of this book is objectively important though definitely datedbut I don’t know that I was the right audience for it. Thank you Kropotkin for telling us how to get there.

Kropotkin essentially argues that the social practices of the period were what allowed the Renaissance to occur, but by the time it really hit its stride, it was already starting to be crushed out by the rise of states.

Kropotkin went on many expeditions as a cartographer and naturalist for the Russian government, only to find that this competition was not what dominated what he saw when he observed non-humans and humans interacting. The book predominantly focuses on man’s struggle for existence from the stone age to the dark ages, progressing on to the medieval period and finally ending with the modern times late 19th century w.

That gave me a strong appreciation for Jacques Cousteau, and the very real way in which he opened up an entirely new world kropotki people. For any type of progress Kropotkin argues that mutual aid is much better than mutual struggle. ajuda

In his book Kropotkin shows us one of the main rules of nature: View all 17 comments. For anybody that wants to understand, scientifically, the foundation of our nature as a species, then this is the book for you. It’s also not clear how much the book was altered for the edition. A lot of problems people have with Mutual Aid have more to do with linguistic and cultural elements which were current at the time.


The need for a term to distinguish the ‘nuclear’ family from the ‘extended’ family came into existence only when people began to establish much smaller households not smaller in building size, necessarily–just smaller in membership.

Darwin acknowledged that competition was actually quite rare in the lives of most creatures. He then goes into “savages”, “barbarians”, the medieval city, then his current time, which was early s However, it would be a mistake to write this very much scientific book off for its ideological underpinnings and equally a mistake to write it off ideologically for its scientific biases.

There are other problems with vocabulary and phrasing which involve Kropotkin using technical terminology which is no longer in use. Much of his thinking on the nature of soc Peter Kropotkin is one of the most noteworthy anarchist thinkers over the last two centuries. Co-operation is absolutely necessary for survival among small or feeble animals. A book that shows how science and society do not mutually exclude the other.

ayuda mutua kropotkin pdf writer

Some of it still holds up to scrutiny. Anarchism portal Communism portal Socialism portal Politics portal. But he doesn’t seem to recognize that this has almost certainly NOT been the definition of kinship for most of human tenure on krppotkin Earth, and in most societies. He reminds us that modernity has brought with it a decline in human relations, but at the core human beings are primed to help each other in greater and greater ways.

Furthermore, cooperation facilitates the development of intelligence, since that quality is so important for social life among animals. I didn’t read the later history. But the chapters about barbarians and the mediaeval city, totally filled in a gap in my mutuq of the history after the fall of the Roman empire and before the modern era, and the origins of some of the hierarchical structures that plague us to this day.

L’ajuda mútua: un factor en l’evolució

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. This is the edition I have. I really enjoyed and got This book is krpootkin up of separate essays written over several years illustrating the natural tendency to organize around institutions of mutual aid. The problem is that there are many ideologies and ideas that promote kroppotkin where humans are supposed to f If books change lives and make us who we are, then I owe this one a lot.


Anarchy Anti-authoritarianism Anti-capitalism Anti-statism Proletarian internationalism Class consciousness Class struggle Classless society Common ownership Common resources Commune Consensus democracy Co-operative economics Direct democracy Egalitarian community Free association Free store ” From each according to his ability, to each according to his need “. What I wish he had done was gone on to publish a critical edition of the book, with updated versions of the scientific research Kropotkin himself cited, in light of 20th century additions to things like ethology.

I may do this sometime–but if I had read the appendices at once, I wouldn’t have needed to do the labor. Because of his title of prince, he was known by some as “the Anarchist Prince”.

At last I read the man himself. The rest was utter nonsense, a very one-sided reflection in which individual cases are generalized to prove wrong those who hold other beliefs. Mutau chapters and headers, etc.

Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution – Wikipedia

For his view of human nature, “Mutual Aid” is a key for understanding his views. Sociability is as much a law of nature as mutual struggle. Apr 12, John Byrnes rated it it was amazing. Essential to the understanding of human evolution a In this cornerstone of modern liberal social theory, Peter Kropotkin states that the most effective human and animal communities are essentially cooperative, rather than competitive. We may thus take the knowledge of the individual factor in human history as granted—even though there is full room for a new study on the subject on the lines just alluded to; while, on the other mutau, mutual-aid factor has been hitherto totally lost sight of; it was mmutua denied or even scoffed at, by the writers of the present and past generations.

However such self interest is not the only characteristic of this new world, there is distrust and almost hatred of the poor. Jul 11, Ari rated it liked it.