John Philoponus, a Christian philosopher, scientist, and theologian who lived approximately from to CE, is also known as John the. John Philoponus(b. Caesarea [?], late fifth century; d. Alexandria, second half of sixth century)philosophy, of what is known about Philoponus is. PHILOPONUS, JOHN(–) John Philoponus of Alexandria, a sixth-century philosopher and theologian, is best known for his radical attempts to refute.
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Consequently, in Christ there is only one nature, a composite nature. One can distinguish between two kinds of criticism: Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. John Philoponus – – Editions Beatrice-Nauwelaerts. In contrast, the program of the Neoplatonic tradition he grew up in had been, largely, either to ignore such hermeneutical problems or explain them away in an effort to harmonize the rich and diverse tradition of pagan Greek philosophy. The unity of heaven and earth had been accepted as a fact, but Philoponus was the first to interpret it in the framework of a scientific conception and to explain it in terms of a world philopouns differing from myth or pagan beliefs.
Christianitymajor jobn, stemming from the life, philoponys, and death of Jesus of Nazareth the Christ, or the Anointed One of God in the 1st century ce. According to this line of thought, Aristotle has in mind Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative.
Two examples are the sweetness of honey remaining constant while its color changes from yellow pjiloponus white and the color of wine remaining the same while its taste changes to sour. They clearly dispute the notion that all post-Roman and medieval scholars were slavish devotees of Aristotle. Bristol Classical Press, In discussing the whole and its parts, Philoponus asserted that the totality is not a sum total of the parts, but the resulting reality of the composite; outside the reality philiponus the individual the term parts is meaningless.
Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. Although Philoponus was one of the most powerful and independent philopons of his time, he never succeeded Ammonius as professor of philosophy.
Aristotle’s definition of light as an incorporeal and instantaneous transition from the potentiality dunamis of a medium to be transparent to the actuality energeia of transparency fails to account for the laws of optics and for the calefactory property of the sun. Petersbourg 13 — The theological works are clearly Monophysitic; his exaggerated pluralism and the doctrine of the relation of the whole and parts allowed him no alternative. The commentator has turned into a critic with independent philosophical ideas of his own.
For instance, he wrote that one cannot agree with Aristotle that air tends to move only upward. Apparently he altogether abandoned his philosophical career. University of California Press, If the different colors of the stars indicate their different constitutions, it follows that stars are composite bodies; and since composite things imply decomposition and things implying decomposition imply decay, one must conclude that celestial bodies are subject to decay.
Philoponus, On Aristotle’s Physics 2by A. In Personhood in the Byzantine Christian Tradition: The study concludes with the Arabic Neoplatonizing Aristotelian Avicenna and his novel introduction of a new category of motion, namely, motion in the category of position.
In The Ways philopponus Byzantine Philosophy, ed. Philoponus, in opposition to Aristotle, did not exclude the feasibility of movement in a void. Alexandrian theologian and philosopher of the sixth century, known also as John the Grammarian.
A theological-philosophical commentary on the Creation story in the book of Genesis. An unfinished commentary on the Meteorologica was written shortly thereafter.
Philoponus, On Aristotle on the Intellect de Anima 3. Later, in the Meteorology commentary, which may be the transcript of his last lecture series on Aristotle, he argues materialistically that light and heat are consequences of the fiery nature of the sun, and that heat is generated when the rays emanating from the sun are refracted and warm the air through friction.
His final natural philosophical work, De opificio mundi — an exegesis of the opening book of Genesis in an attempt to reconcile Christianity with pagan natural philosophy— was most likely written in the s, although other evidence points to a date ranging from to This category needs an editor.
If we pass a wet finger round the rim [of the cup], a sound is created by the air squeezed out by the finger, which air is ejected into the cavity of the cup, producing the sound by striking against the walls. Theologynatural philosophy.
On the Contingency of the World De contingentia mundinot extant; Arabic summary of the treatise trans. Like place, space as a whole is the indeterminate three-dimensional extension everywhere devoid of body, though it is not actually infinite — so much Philoponus concedes to Aristotle. Philoponksor read more about what this involves.
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John Philoponus | CEH
Although his anathema all but eliminated his influence in the Latin Christian thought, he had an impact on Islamic philosophy particularly his arguments against eternitywhich then later contributed to Latin Christian thought through the translation movement of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
Philoponus expressed this idea elsewhere, explicitly comparing celestial and terrestrial sources of light: His Philosophical background was Neoplatonic; but he was—probably from birth—a member of the Monophysite sect, which was declared hertical in the seventh century.
Around Philoponus made some theological contributions to the Council of Constantinople concerning Christology. When these doctrines were applied to the Trinitya sort of verbal tritheism resulted; nowhere, however, does Philoponus say that there are three gods.
He described the ripples produced in the water in a metal cup when the cup is brought into a state of vibration. Thank You for Your Contribution! Philoponus’s most important commentary in which he challenges Aristotle’s tenets on time, space, void, matter, and dynamics; there are signs of revision. Berlin, ; In De generatione et corruptione, H. He attributed to impetus the movement of celestial bodies Aristotle said angels moved the planets and argued johh void vacuum between the stars.
On the Eternity of the World philoponis Aristotle De aeternitate mundi contra Aristotelemnot extant; fragments reconstr. This insightful theory was the first step towards the concept of inertia in modern physics, although Philoponus’ theory was largely ignored at the time because he was too radical in his rejection of Aristotle.
Since the spheres do not move with philooponus periods of revolution, but one in thirty years, the other in twelve johh, and others in shorter periods. One of his last works, De opificio mundiwas dedicated to Sergius, who was partriarch of Antioch from to Another of his major theological concerns was to argue that all material objects were brought into being by God Arbiter52A—B.
He was inspired primarily by the desire to bring natural philosophy into line with Christian dogma.