Fior di Battaglia: MS Ludwig XV 13 – J. Paul Getty Museum Fior di Battaglia: M. – Pierpoint Morgan Library Flos Duellatorum: Pisani-Dossi MS -Private. The Flower of Battle (Flos Duellatorum in Latin or Fior di Battaglia in Italian) XV 13; Morgan Library M; a copy privately held by the Pisani-Dossi family; and. Aug 16, Flos Duellatorum (“The Flower of Battle”, Pisani-Dossi MS) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de’i Liberi and dated 10 February

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Journal of Western Martial Art. However, only in the Pisani-Dossi version, is a date explicitly stated. Other archived documents suggest that Fiore was also in Padua in and Pavia inbut further detailed examination of these instances is beyond the scope of this paper. In its continuing effort to promote the authentic skills of legitimate Medieval martial arts, ARMA is proud to present select portions from one version of Fiore Dei Liberi’s famed fencing manual of c. Without a doubt, the most vexing part of Fiore’s life were his later years, at the end of the 14 th century and the beginning of the 15 th century during the period of time of the composition of his treatise or treatises.

Cartas 2B to 14B. No use of the ARMA name and emblem, or website content, is permitted without authorization. Despite the significant impact Fiore’s treatise has had on the modern reconstruction of historical fighting arts, in particular, armizare 1very little is known of the man who bore the name Fiore dei Liberi. Fiore’s work is desperately in need of a credible translation and sound interpretation that compares all versions within the context of what is known about martial techniques and arms and armor from the era.

The known provenance of the Mss. I accrease the foot that is forward a little out of the way, and with the left I pass to the side.

Della Eloquenza italiana di monsignor Giusto Fontaninip. The best known image from the Flos Duellatorum is the sette spade seven swords diagram at the beginning of the longsword section fol. Both of these bear the title Fior di Battaglia, and both are undated. The challenge of rebuilding the man who bore the name Fiore will require exhaustive research into archives, personal collections and libraries which remain untouched or inaccessible today with respect to research on the man Fiore.


Blount and William Barres. This is followed by five more illustrations depicting other defensive techniques, each illustration accompanied with rhyming couplets.

The body of the text consists of four to six illustrations per page, each with only a brief couplet or quatrain to explain it. As you will see in my plays that follow here after.

Fior di Battaglia (MS M) ~ Wiktenauer ~☞ Insquequo omnes gratuiti fiant

Lat ” PDF. This is the current configuration of the manuscript; for a speculative reconstruction of its original state, see Fior di Battaglia MS M. The major sections of the work include: Ludwig XV 13 mention the slightly shorter “forty years and more”. Thanks is given to the various members of The Exiles who have assisted duellatoru, the practical implementation and refinement of this project.

He may have also studied under Johannes Suvenus. For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page. Sword in Armor by Fiore de’i Liberi. This is consistent across the entire Pisani-Dossi and Getty’s treatises.

Il fior di battaglia / Fiore dei Liberi

Inventories of the Estense library in Ferrara indicate that there were at least five copies of Fiore’s work. Images and photographs used are a representation only and are not a reproduction or a facsimile of the originals.

Journal of Western Martial Art. The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe. Historical Fencing Dot Org. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It has a preface in Italian and one to four illustrated figures per page in the main body; the figures are accompanied by descriptive paragraphs set in poor Italian verse which are nevertheless fairly clear and informative, and generally comparable to that of the MS Ludwig XV 13 excepting differences in spellingthough at times they include additional explanation.

Flos Duellatorum – Wikipedia

It is evident in the Western fighting arts community, that the treatises are considered as important cornerstones in todays research and reconstruction of historical Western fighting arts. Of the three versions, the Getty’s offers the most detailed paragraphs accompanying the illustrations see illustration 3followed by the Morgan’s with a slightly abbreviated text. Below are the major portions floz armored and unarmored on spada longa long-sword as well morrgan polaxe combat in armor. The duel was to consist of three bouts of mounted lance followed by three bouts each of dismounted poleaxeestocand dagger.


He also writes of meeting many “false” or unworthy masters who lacked even the limited skill he’d expect in a good student, [6] and mentions that duellatorm five separate occasions he was forced to fight duels for his honor against certain of these masters whom he described as envious because he refused to teach them his art; the duels were all fought with sharp longswordsunarmored except for gambesons and chamois glovesand he stated that he won each without injury.

It consisted of 58 folios bound in leather with a clasp, with a white eagle and two helmets on the first page. Unfortunately, there are no further details on these two gentlemen in Fiore’s treatise and therefore, no further illumination on their biographies can be extracted from the prologue. After an active military career, he was summoned to the court of Niccolo III d’Este at Ferrara, to instruct the younger princes in military science.

Flos Duellatorum

The war continued until a new Patriarch was appointed in and a peace settlement was reached, but it’s unclear if Fiore remained involved for the duration. Vuellatorum di Battaglia [manuscript]. The information contained within survives in the form of a facsimile by the Italian historian Francesco Novati. Fiore wrote that he had a natural mortan to the martial arts and began training at a young age, ultimately studying with “countless” masters from both the Italian and German parts of the Holy Roman Empire.

Middle ItalianRenaissance Latin.

You do things that have no place in words. Flos Duellatorum — Manuale di arte del combattimento del XV secolo.

Fiore was likely involved in at least one other duel that year, between his final named student Azzone di Castelbarco and Giovanni degli Ordelaffias the latter is known to have died in