Home > Archive > Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for De-Colonization by Kwame Nkrumah. Author: Kwame Nkrumah. Publication date: Nkrumaism (sometimes Consciencism) is an African socialist political ideology based on the thinking and writing of Kwame Nkrumah. Nkrumah, a pan-Africanist . CONSCIENCISM Philosophy and Ideology for Decolonisation Kwame Nkrumah Dedicated to The Members of my Philosophy Club, without whose.

Author: Zular Faegore
Country: Ecuador
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: History
Published (Last): 16 December 2010
Pages: 294
PDF File Size: 14.52 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.40 Mb
ISBN: 455-2-12444-245-3
Downloads: 12247
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mekree

But in order that their cultural acquisition should be valuable, they needed to be capable of appreciating it as free men. University Press of America. When this is done, one starts from a series of universes and strings them together into a super-universe.

But I would like also to give great emphasis nrumah the determining power of ideology. If spirit or consciousness were completely independent of matter for its arising, there should be the possibility of such breakdowns in perception as are not completely explicable in terms of physiology and physics.

Initial egalitarianism can be perverted into a cruel and grasping social atomism, a barbaric free-for-all in which conscienciwm man is said to be for himself, and God for us all. But especially when this conversion is thought to be reversible, a definite contradiction is created in society, the contradiction between interests inside the world and interests outside the world. Egalitarianism cannot mean the absence of difference.

Consciencism Philosophy and Ideology for de-Colonization

On this sole first principle, he proposed, quite unsoberly, to hang the whole universe as well as God. In order that a situation could be coherently described as the causing or the causelessness of the world, it would have to be a situation in which the world could cinsciencism placed.

The difference in question is a difference in the role or function of certain terms, and the difference is subject to logical parsing. He held that some men had a higher reason than others, and though education might up to a point conceal them, these differences were bound to reveal themselves after a certain stage of a thorough-going education. As it were, mind, quality, energy are metaphysical adjectives. The indispensable starting point is to appreciate the consviencism connection between religious belief and practice on the one hand, and poverty on the other.

Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for Decolonization by Kwame Nkrumah

For it raised from the economic sphere the unfeeling competition and pursuit of supremacy which characterize capitalism, and transposed them to a philosophical conception in knrumah each man, armed with his natural and inalienable rights, is pitted against every other man. Philosophy is thus effectively emasculated, and it loses its arresting power.


This phase was given its most definitive utterance in the Protagoran statement that man is the measure of all things. It is not only the study of philosophy which can become perverted. Professional scribes and amateurs, along with the Ghanaian Left, were set to the task of providing the coherence and internal consistency required to give a semblance of philosophy to the chaotic assemblage of ideas and fantasies borrowed from all parts of the world and from all periods of history, frequently out of context.

Dialectical materialism recognizes differences between mind and brain, between qualities and quantities, between energy and mass. Marx and I are ourselves partly to blame for the fact that the younger people sometimes lay more stress on the economic side than is due to it. If the cause is a product of the basic raw material, then an effect is being said paradoxically to cause its own cause!

He even thought that slavery was right provided the slave was naturally inferior to his master. Max Rameau rated it it was amazing Jul 02, An object is an attunement of opposite tensions and without the tensions there could be no object.

If, therefore, body, being matter, wins its existence from perceptual knowledge, it could not at the same time be the means to that knowledge; it could not itself be the avenue to perception. One social-political significance of this is the nnkrumah of anarchism — the political extreme of individualism. But that was not what constituted his contribution to democratic capitalism.

It therefore assumes the form of an authoritarianism which, if unhindered, can come to revel in the most extreme oppression. I do not wish, in saying that Plato betrayed Socrates by assailing the Athenian democracy, to suggest that the Athenian democracy was a full democracy.

Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for Decolonization

In Nkrumah’s idealized view, pre-colonial African societies did not have individual cosciencism or class structures, but instead were organized largely around the value of what Nkrumah called “communalism. This kind of contradiction is made articulate in Christianity, for example, we are enjoined to lay up treasures in heaven where moths do not corrupt.

For even philosophical systems are facts of history. Nervous organization has to attain a certain minimum of complexity for the display of intelligent activity, or the presence of mind. Descartes says conscienncism he can think of himself as being without eyes, or as being without arms, etc.


His arguments were widely published and these had an impact within the Gold Coast colony, independent Ghana, and other parts of Africa in the s and s. The early Greeks without doubt had a religion. Part of the Politics series on. It formed a frame work of his political action. And as society becomes differently organized, philosophy is differently conceived.

Mankind, it is alleged, has no road to knowledge save the highway of sensation. Consequently, Descartes says that while he was busy doubting everything in order the better to appreciate what was true, he still conceived it as necessary to co-operate with other in supporting the stability and order of society. The recognition of the dialectical opposition is universally necessary. In order to destroy the Platonic philosophical basis of oligarchy, as I have already mentioned, Aristotle rejected the Platonic hypothesis about the knowledge of truth.

A comsciencism important objection to materialism is alleged to be provided by the Theory of Relativity. Akin rated it conscciencism it Apr 29, But fire, consciejcism fundamental thing, suffers transformations into other things. These tasks require that digits be added up from the units column through the tens column to the final column. And in order that propositions about spirit should make sense, there must be matter.

It is this relevance ocnsciencism philosophy to society, and to social and political action in particular, that chiefly interests him. The early Greek philosophers had a social-moral preoccupation which they expressed in terms of metaphysics. Consciencsm, the Greek priests enjoyed social-political power, by which they could among other things institute action at court on charges of irreligion. Uga rated it it was amazing Dec 07, For in idealism it is not only our bodies which are in our minds, instead of our minds being in our bodies; the whole universe, to the extent that we can perceive or be aware of it, is neatly tucked away in nkrumab minds.

The study of history too can become warped. To deem it not to have one is to consciencis, a plea of exception against the Principle of Sufficient Reason.