American Petroleum Institute (New York) EA EA EA 69À7 75À25 Bulletin on Fire Resistance Improvements for API Flanges, 2nd ed . PED 97/23/EC (Pressure Equipment Directive). European Normalisations: EN/ ISO Guidelines on noise. Medical Research Report EA API posure to noise at work. 12 May 12 Guidelines on Noise, API Medical Research. Report EA 13 Man who killed after months of TV noise is.
|Published (Last):||22 November 2012|
|PDF File Size:||20.35 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||3.5 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Thus the final conditions control the maximumveloc- b.
Extremely high met- fluidfromwellheadto al weightlossmay occur manifold orfirstprocess under these conditions. The maximum permissible temperatures satisfactory. Protective coating and linings plastics and cement. The installation of a connectionsshould be inaccordancewithTable flowline sensw shouldbeinaccordance with 4. The type of attack uniform metalloss, perature. Consideration should also be given to seal welding ai Use of corrosion resistant metals.
In some cases, it may less steels SeeSection 3.
For a discussion of eaa to shouldbeprotected fromcorrosion;current minimize erosion, see Paragraph 2. If the process side of a shellandtubeheat Anexternalheatsourcemaybe re- exchangerhas a higheroperatingressurethan quired apu prevent freezing if the gas is the design pressure of the heating Euid side, the not dehydrated.
Thepipingshouldalso bede- circulation during this period, signedtowithstandthemaximumback d. Severalproprietary Southem E n g i n e e h g Octobel. CameronHydraulicData Handbook, Ingersoll- fire: Double valvingand from the collection vessel to the open drains. Only carbon steel materials are to appi the possibility of accidentalmisapplication. Detailed mechanical wear]or other damage. In practice, the Panhandle equation is commonly used for large diameter greater than 10″ long pipelines usually measured in miles rather than feet where the Reynolds number is on the straight line portion of the Moody diagram, It can be seen where: Consider using a pressure reliefdeviceon a 4 Additional chokes may be located nearthe manifold, enteringlowtemperature e.
Polycom Engineering Advisories and Technical Notifications
Eachcomponent vessels,flanges, cies, as applicable. No cross-overs, whereby air adequate clean-out provisions.
This may beaccomplished with an in- openings and increases as the fluid velocity in- sulating flange above the water and insulating creases. The following guidelines may help in screening ers internal pressure and temperature only. The following types or grades of pipe malized for servicetemperatures below 30′ F. This is the fifth edition of this Recommended Requests for pemnissimt to reproduce or translate all or Practice.
One way to accomplish graph 6. Blowdown as engine jacketwater makeup, etc.
API 14E for offshore | the thinh nguyen –
Heatingsystems excepthotwater or steam may be installed eaa of relief de- shouldpreferably be pneumaticallytestedin vices if connecting to a common relief accordance with Section 8. Welders shouldbequali- be isolated from the system.
MR lists tion is an effective mitigationprocedure when materials which exhibit resistance to sulfide stress corrosive conditions are predicted or anticipated cracking.
These points should be examined] a s soon as practicalafterstart-up,byradio- 6. The constant C will vary in acceleration headequation, to a from’ these valuesfor unusual ratios value of 5 to 15 nominal pipe diameters. The relief Sys- tion, and condensation problems, tem and piping should be designed to dispose of the relieved product in 73301 safe and reliable manner. Steel valves are recom- generallyusedforinternaltrim.
Thefollowingguidelinesmay be useful in designing apj piping: Code of Federal Regulations. Process streams con- ant in the proposed environment of use or in an taining water and hydrogen sulfide may cause equivalent laboratory environment.
For gas systems,ventsand locating vents. Of these, chemical treatment of the this would be t o have all such pipe galvanized. Any flam- equipment, one or more persons, a s neces- mable liquids used for testing should have a flash sary,should be designated for firewatch.
The standards under which pipe is manufactured pipe,fittings,and fluid, 3 external loadings,and permit a variationin wall thickness below nominal wall 4 thermalexpansionaresignificantinthestress thickness. Theyshouldbelocatedupstream da wire mesh mist extractors. American Iron and Steel Institute. If a 10 inch pipe were used rather than a n 8 inch A2.
Most steelvalvesusedin platformfacilities are pressor or pump discharge lines. Drain systemsshouldbede- processsystemsconnectedto a common signed to collect and dispose of contaminants from all sources.
This velocity will nor- Eq. If the submergedportion related to piping systemsis included in this section. Brief discussions of the service for all temperature ranges. For ew, sandproductionisexpected,shortradiuspipeells stud bolts, threadedovertheirlengthinac- cordance with ASTM A, Grade B7, or ASTM e, shoul not beused, All turns in flowlinesshouldbe made ith tees andweld caps or blind flangescap 731 or flow tees, or longradiusbends minimum A, Grade BC, shouldbeused.
Allmoving parts on b. At least one carbon steel material by API to assure the accuracy and reliability of the recommendation is included formost applica- data contained herein.