Information technology for business executives Author: Amjad Saeed, Khawaja. Additional authors: Asjad Saeed, Khawaja. Publisher: Lahore: Kahawaja. Auditing: Principles and procedures [Khawaja Amjad Saeed] on * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Auditing: Principles and Procedures. Front Cover. Khawaja Amjad Saeed. Accountancy and Taxation Services Institute, – Auditing – pages.

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It has several advantages over the traditional methods of teaching but also has its limitations in that it is much more time consuming and there is a general lack of trained teachers for the job. Contents include Introductory aspects of auditing, audit tasks to sased completed before commencement of audit, audit approach, audit planning, controlling an audit, quality control methods and procedures, documentation, audit techniques, internation controls, the auditor of a limited company, audit completion stage, auditor’s reports, arvanced audit, special audit, divisible profit and auditors, professional ethics, liability of an auditor, Internal audit, management audit, cost audit, business investigation, auditing case laws, auditors report forms and code of corporate governance with auditing aspects.

Khawaja Amjad Saeed

A case saewd a written description of an enterprise, an event or situation containing information about its history, content, problems etc. The question is how the other firm should deal with their competitors in this situation of unethical and unfair competition. These are enumerated with their formulae, definition and other details.

A vide variety of readers can amjac from the book. The book is a positive response to growing needs of various audits namely internal audit, cost audit, computer audit, special audit and management audit.

The case study method was first used in in the teaching of law. The traditional method of teaching is the lecture method. Should new plants or technology be acquired under a given set of conditions, how to increase productivity, face challenges from competitors, manage change, develop an effective marketing strategy, etc.


There is a lucid explanation to all aspects governing audit. Thus most of the cases illustrate a complex interplay of financial, technical, marketing and human relations forces. All told the list of beneficiaries can be very comprehensive. Indeed the author deserves congratulations for his splendid effort in writing the book.

Thus even a Non-professional can at least get an idea of what it takes to appraise business. His latest book namely, Advanced Auditing has just been released in the year Several technical tools are needed for case analysis and these include the financial tools of liquidity, solvency and profit ratios and break even analysis, and the project evaluation tools of Return on Investment ROINet Present Value NPV and so on. The book is self-contained as it gives complete history of the case study method and comprehensive guidelines about how to prepare cases for teaching and research purposes as well as how to analyze the case in both its macro and micro aspects.

A code of ethics applicable to all Chartered Accountants including practising Chartered Accountants and employed Chartered Accountants has also been included. Relevant aspects of the directives of the Securities Exchange Commission of Pakistan relating to internal audit, external audit and code of corporate governance have also been nicely reviewed in the book. Some of the cases studied pertain to actual firms operating in the manufacturing service construction and other sectors.

Section two covers Pakistan’s export problems and gives valuable export data. The case study method, first developed by law school now used as a powerful tool by business schools and management development for developing analytical skills relating to decision making.


An interesting study pertains to two pipe manufacturers, whose product quality and prices are the same, but one of them have already bribed their way to success and are fully backed by government officials who benefit from their largesse, when they tender for government organizations, their main customers. Several suggestions have been given in the book, e. The external auditors and their staff under training can be enriched from the auditing techniques included in the book. Foreword to this xuditing has been contributed by President of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan, Karachi.


The CFOs can optimally utilize and protect funds of the companies by benefiting from the material advancfd in the book. In Pakistan there are several impediments in the use of case study method e. Business investigation can be undertaken by following the advqnced steps.

The book consists of thirty chapters supported with various tables, list of forms, table of statutes, list of cited cases. Suggestions on how to increase exports are included.

At present Pakistan’s main exports are raw materials or low value-added products. The book is recommended to diverse readerships so that financial discipline is enforced and bottom line is beefed up to achieve effective, efficient and economy oriental results of business and industry. The case aevanced method axvanced only develops decision making skills but also stimulates learning. The book is intended to be a text book with business schools for their marketing courses.

It may or may not be taken from a real life situation. The student pursuing professional level for the examination of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan and the Institute of Cost Management Accountants of Pakistan will find reading of the book a rewarding exercise for earning success in their professional level examination. It contains case studies by 22 scholars, and is divided into four sections.